Each child is unique and the process of learning differs from one child to another. The age has also a huge impact on the learning process. We know that our brains are not fully developed at birth. A baby’s brain weights about one quarter of what an adult’s brain weight. To better understand this process, think about the steps needed when building a house.
First of all, you have to start with the foundation. This way of learning, by laying one brick at the time, is the way children’s mind work. The foundation and the walls of the house, the equivalent of 80% of a child’s intellectual aptitude are acquired during the first six years of his life. During this period of time, the brain of a child grows and develops in accordance with the exercise of his mind and the stimulation provided by the environment.
The process of how children learn is complex and this is why you have to take it step by step. This is why you have to try each method to see if it fits to your child’s needs and his interest. Find out what are the most important aspects that help your child develop and become a trustful, happy and confident adult.
This is a very important step where the child develops his personal interests through first hand experiences. As a parent, your responsibility is to provide rich environments where the child is allowed to explore, touch and experiment with a variety of real life and diverse materials. This step will also help him ask questions, make hypothesis and develop his thinking.
Through this step, the adults are responsible for establishing positive relationships with their children. The little ones experience trust, autonomy, self-confidence, empathy and initiative. The relationships with other participants are extremely important for the child’s development: brothers, sisters, grandparents, other children and teachers.
Communication and language
Social interaction and language are central in forming a child’s mind. Through language the child integrates new experiences and makes sense of the world. This process requires a close relationship between adult and child.
Children learn through their senses and the environment should offer opportunities to work, to make decisions, to engage, to experience. A perfect environment is the one in which children’s imagination extend and theirs needs are fulfilled.
This is one of the key contexts for children’s learning process. Through play children develop verbal communication, social interactions, creativity, imagination and problem-solving capacities. One last thing to mention about play is that there are no age limits: anyone can play, interact and extend their imagination and creativity!